Monday, 27 October 2008
ABC Wednesday, O for Orange
This is our Queen Beatrix.(Photo from Google.)
This is the crown prince cycling with his wife, Maxima, and their three daughters.
( photo from "Trouw"Newspaper)
The House of Orange-Nassau (in Dutch: Huis van Oranje-Nassau), a branch of the German House of Nassau, has played a central role in the political life of the Netherlands — and at times in Europe — since William I of Orange (also known as "William the Silent" and "Father of the Fatherland") organized the Dutch revolt against Spanish rule, which after the Eighty Years' War led to an independent Dutch state.(1568-1648)
Several members of the house served during this war and after as governor or stadtholder (Dutch stadhouder). However, in 1815, after a long period as a republic, the Netherlands became a monarchy under the House of Orange-Nassau.
The dynasty was established as a result of the marriage of Hendrik III of Nassau-Breda from Germany and Claudia of Châlon-Orange from French Burgundy in 1515. Their son René inherited in 1530 the Principality of Orange from his mother's brother, Philibert of Châlon. As the first Nassau to be Prince of Orange he could use "Orange-Nassau" as his new family name. However, in his will his uncle had stipulated that he should continue the use of the name Châlon-Orange. History knows him therefore as René of Châlon. After the death of René in 1544 his cousin William of Nassau-Dillenburg inherited all his lands. This, William I of Orange, (in English better known as William the Silent) became the founder of the House of Orange-Nassau. Our Queen Beatrix is a direct descendant of William the Silent. She has three sons. The eldest son, our crown prince, is Willem-Alexander, married to Maxima. He will be our next king. I must apologize for two of the photos, for they are a newspaper and a Google photo.
Thanks to Denise Nesbitt, who has hosted this ABC game for the third round to the letter O for ABC Wednesday. For more ABC posts click on ABC picture in my side bar.Join us in this wonderful meme!