Tuesday, 26 April 2016

ABC Wednesday, P for Palmtrees

Palmtrees at the holiday park Cascades

With thanks to Denise Nesbitt, who created ABC, and thanks to Roger. For more interesting ABC posts click on the logo in the sidebar. This week we are looking for words beginning with P.



Being in the Botanic Gardens of Cooktown we saw a lot of Palmtrees. Some of them are really very beautiful and colourful. Like the Foxtail Palm.

 This Foxtail Palm was only found in a very small part of Australia on the boulder strewn, exposed gravel hills of Cape Melville Range on Cape York Peninsula. That is not far from where my daughter lives. Now it is one of the most popular palms in the world and grown in many places outside Australia.

Fruit of the Foxtail Palm

Millaa Millaa Falls

Malanda Falls

The Lakes Resort

The Lakes Resort

 Millaa Millaa  Falls


In 20012, the day before taking leave of each other,

 we stayed at the Lakes Resort in Cairns 


Tuesday, 19 April 2016

ABC Wednesday, O for Orchid

I told you something about the Botanic Garden in Cooktown, and perhaps you saw the lovely purple flowers on one of the photos. They are the Cooktown orchids, symbols of the area. I thought it appropriate to use this flower for the letter O this week.

With thanks to Denise Nesbitt, who created ABC, and thanks to Roger. For more interesting ABC posts click on the logo in the sidebar. This week we are looking for words beginning with O

Tuesday, 12 April 2016

ABC Wednesday, N for Nature's PowerHouse in Cooktown

Karien meets often friends and relatives for coffee in

the Nature's PowerHouse, which is situated in the Botanic Gardens of Cooktown.

Every time I visited Cooktown in Queensland, Australia, I learned something new. There is a terrace outside the Nature's  PowerHouse where you can have coffee or a meal and at the same time enjoy the vegetation of the Botanic Garden. My daughter often comes here  to work on her computer or just relax. She often meets friends and other people she knows. I always join her when I happen to be in Cooktown.

At Nature's PowerHouse 2006

The Botanic Garden

Inside the Nature's Power House

The youngest grandson in 2006

Bookshop in Nature's PowerHouse



With thanks to Denise Nesbitt, who created the ABC meme.For more interesting ABC posts click on the logo in the sidebar . This week we are looking for words beginning with N.

Monday, 4 April 2016

ABC Wednesday, M for Miner

With thanks to Denise Nesbitt, who created ABC, and thanks to Roger. For more interesting ABC posts click on the logo in the sidebar. This week we are looking for words beginning with   M.


Off to seek his fortune

  Seeing this statue I became curious about this piece of history of Queensland, called the Gold Rush.


Gold Rush

In 1872, William Hann discovered gold in the Palmer River, southwest of Cooktown. His findings were reported to James Venture Mulligan who led an expedition to the Palmer River in 1873. Mulligan's expedition found quantities of alluvial gold and thus began the gold rush that was to bring prospectors to the Endeavour River from all over the world.

The Queensland government responded quickly to Mulligan's reports, and soon a party was dispatched to advise whether the Endeavour River would be a suitable site for a port. Shortly after, a new township was established at the site of the present town, on the southern bank of the river and 

Cooktown Post Office opened on 1 January 1874.[11]

The Palmer goldfields and its centre, Maytown, were growing quickly. The recorded output of gold from 1873 to 1890 was over half a million ounces (more than 15,500 kg). Cooktown was the port through which this gold was exported and supplies for the goldfields brought in. Word of the gold quickly spread, and Cooktown was soon thriving, as prospectors arrived from around the world.

Population estimates vary widely, but there were probably around 7,000 people in the area and about 4,000 permanent residents in the town by 1880. At that time, Cooktown boasted a large number of hotels and guest houses. There were 47 licensed pubs within the town boundaries in 1874 although this number had dropped to 27 by the beginning of 1880. There were also a number of illegal grog shops and several brothels. There were bakeries, a brewery and a soft drinks factory, dressmakers and milliners, a brickworks, a cabinetmaker, and two newspapers.

The port of Cooktown served the nearby goldfields and, during the goldrush of the 1870s, a Chinese community many thousands strong grew up in the goldfields and in the town itself. The Chinese played an important role in the early days of Cooktown. They came originally as prospectors, but many established market gardens, supplying the town and the goldfields with fruit, vegetables and rice, while others opened shops.

However, largely through cultural misunderstandings, conflict broke out between the Aboriginal people and the new settlers, and the diggers. The Cooktown Herald, 8 December 1875, reported: "The natives wholly ignorant of the terrible firepower of fire-arms, and confiding in their numbers, showed a ferocity and daring wholly unexpected and unsurpassed. Grasping the very muzzles of the rifles they attempted to wrest them from the hands of the whites, standing to be shot down, rather than yield an inch...." It was an unequal struggle. Whole tribes were wiped out as European settlement spread over Cape York Peninsula.

Monday, 28 March 2016

ABC Wednesday, L for Life in the cold Arctic Climate

 Glaciers are getting smaller and smaller all over the world.

 This is the Supphellebreen  in Norway on

                                           the northern hemisphere.


New Zealand , South Island,

Franz Jozef Glacier

 on the southern hemisphere.

On a glacier in New Zealand

Several years ago  I went to Leiden to the Museum for Cultural Anthropology, to see an exhibition about the Arctic regions.The residents of the Arctic live in Alaska, Siberia, Canada, Greenland, and Lapland. The people are called the Inuits ( Greenland), the Unangan ( Alaska), the Sámi (Lapland). They are now called First Nations, as Leslie remarked.

Clothes made of intestines are waterproof and wind-tight

They used to live from fishing and hunting. Everything of the animal was used either for food but also for clothing, and the oil of course among other things, for lamps.

The animals in these areas are the polar bear, the snow fox, sea lions, the seal, the walrus. Their skins, and intestines were also used for clothes. Their bones were important for the production of tools. Nowadays many of these people live like we do with clothes of the same material we have. I found the clothes made of intestines of animals, very strange, but interesting .
These clothes were waterproof , because the seams were sewn with a waterproof stitch. Prepared intestines of sea lions, seals, walrus, otters, or bears were sewn in horizontal strips to each other.

 The kamleika has its strips in a vertical direction.
 A kamleika is an Aleut robe made from sea mammal (mostly sea otter) intestine, which was light and waterproof. They also sometimes had robes to protect against threats such as heavy wind and rain. They were sewn with grass, and each took around a month to make.
 It was worn by men as an outer layer of clothing while kayaking. In the village also a jacket made of intestine protected the fur or bird skin clothing underneath against snow and rain. Intestine kamleikas fell out of use in the early twentieth century.

Even windows were made of intestines.

The Arctic is warming up quickly, faster than other places on Earth. People who live there have been noticing the change. Because their culture is adapted to the Arctic’s cold climate, global warming is making it difficult for them to continue their traditions. 

Therefore it is time to try and stop the rapidly change of climate.

ABC is created by Denise Nesbitt.For more lovely and interesting ABC posts click on the logo in the
 sidebar. This week we are looking for words beginning with "I".

The arctic regions