In about 800 the settlement was incorperated in the Frankish Empire.
In the 9th century Zutphen was destroyed by the Vikings. After this a round ring-wall and moat were built by the end of that century.
|Borrowed from "Kijk op Zutphen"|
In 1284 and 1336 large parts of the town were burnt down, which resulted in the construction of brick buildings. Zutphen became a member of the Hanse league, a co-operation of traders and cities particularly in North Germany.
The 16th century became very difficult for Zutphen due to the rise of other cities and the Eighty Years'War with Spain.
On 10 June 1572 the town was occupied by a brother- in- law of William of Orange, but in November the Spaniards came back and killed hundreds of the inhabitants. This is called The Massacre of Zutphen.