Tuesday, 22 March 2011
ABC Wednesday, J for Judo
Judo ( meaning "gentle way") is a modern martial art and combat sport created in Japan in 1882 by Dr Kano Jigoro.
The early history of judo is inseparable from its founder, Japanese polymath and educator Jigoro Kano ( 1860–1938). Kano was born into a well-to-do Japanese family. His grandfather was a self-made man, a sake brewer from Shiga prefecture in central Japan. However, Kano's father was not the eldest son and therefore did not inherit the business. Instead, he became a Shinto priest and government official, with enough influence for his son to enter the second incoming class of Tokyo Imperial University.
Judo was very popular in my family.All our children were practising judo during a couple of years. The youngest had a yellow belt, the second youngest a green one, and the belt of my eldest child was blue. To get a new belt they needed to do an examination. They start with a white belt, which is then followed by yellow, orange, green, blue, brown and black. The black belt is divided in dans.
The first time judo was seen in the Olympics was at the 1932 Games in Los Angeles, where Kano and about 200 judo students gave a demonstration. Judo became an Olympic sport for men in the 1964 Games in Tokyo. With the persistence of Rena Kanokogi, an American, and many others, judo became an Olympic sport for women as well in 1988. It is often stated that the men's judo event in 1964 was a demonstration event, but according to the International Judo Federation (IJF) and International Olympic Committee, judo was in fact an official sport in the 1964 games. Dutchman Anton Geesink won the first Olympic gold medal in the open division of judo by defeating Akio Kaminaga of Japan. Judo then lost the image of being "Japanese only" and went on to become one of the most widely practised sports in the world.
With thanks to Denise Nesbitt, who created ABC.We started round 8 of the fascinating meme of ABC. For more interesting ABC posts click on the logo in the sidebar or Here. This week we are looking for words beginning with J.